Turkey’s education sector is one of the sectors with high development momentum, providing more than 300 thousand jobs, where about 25 thousand institutions and organizations are located. The education sector is divided into ‘formal education’, where curriculum-related education is provided, and ‘Non-Formal Education’, where extra-curricular optional training is provided. As institutions providing education, ‘official(state)’institutions and ‘private’ institutions can be divided into two.
When current education sector development trends are examined, it is seen that the sector has shown an increase in favor of private schools in line with the data. It has been observed that the largest share of private schools in formal education is pre-school education, i.e. kindergartens.
In today’s conditions, the education system should be dynamic, flexible, open to change and able to adapt quickly to changing conditions. In addition to being able to capture the conditions of the day, countries education systems should be compatible with individual expectations and focused on meeting the needs of countries. Turkey’s education system the education system of developed countries, the most fundamental difference in thinking, inquiry, imagination, and creativity encouraged and developed rather than more ezbercilig change our educational system, which is based on more information than necessary and is in the process of the installation. It is expected that our education system will have a healthier structure with the new system and applications.
Universities are one of the priority institutions in ensuring economic and technological development. In this context, universities should form the core of science, train students who are studying within it in a researcher nature, not rote, and be able to create an environment of scientific and freedom of thought. In addition, it is necessary to be able to direct the country through the studies and research conducted by universities.
Considering that our human capital is the most basic input for our country, which is moving towards becoming a developed country, to be successful in order to achieve its goals, identifying the main problems of our education sector and creating solutions is one of the most important steps to be taken on the path of progress. In this context, the problems in our education system can be listed as:
- Deficiencies in the effective use of equipment and course tools in educational institutions.
- Deficiencies in reducing the number of students per classroom in provinces and regions where there are crowded classes in primary and secondary education.
- Lack of professional, visionary managers in the education sector.
- Lack of communication, cooperation and professional solidarity among educators.
- Insufficient guidance and guidance on vocational education in accordance with the interests and abilities of students.